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2006 Brookwood Medical Center Drive, Ste. 405
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Birmingham, AL 35209

Bladder fistulas and Rectal fistulas

Fistulas occur when a connection forms between bladder and vagina, urethra and vagina or the rectum and vagina.  Many other types of fistulas exist, but these types are specific to women.  They can form after childbirth, surgery or with some types of medical problems.  Evaluation includes a history and physical exam which may also include imaging or a more detailed exam with a camera (cystoscopy or colonoscopy).

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Urethral Diverticulums

A pocket or pouch that develops in the urethra is called a urethral diverticulum.  These pockets can cause pain, bladder infections, urethral drainage and leaking as well as other symptoms.  Sometimes these can become infected or develop stones.  Many times these can go undiagnosed as they are not very common.

Recurrent Bladder Infections

A urinary tract infection is an infection that can occur anywhere along the urinary tract. Urinary tract infections have different names, depending on what part of the tract is infected. Adult women are most commonly affected as their urethra is shorter than men and opens nearer to the anus. This means it is easier for bacteria to enter the urinary system and cause an infection. About 40% of women get at least one attack of cystitis in their lifetime. It is more common in sexually active women, during pregnancy, after surgery and menopause.

You may feel pressure in the lower pelvis or lower back ache. There may be stinging, painful or frequent urination along with urgent need to urinate often with little or no urine being passed. Often there is need to urinate at night and the urine may also become cloudy or smell unpleasant. Blood in the urine and fever can also occur along with nausea, vomiting and chills indicating a severe infection.

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