A urinary tract infection is an infection that can occur anywhere along the urinary tract. Urinary tract infections have different names, depending on what part of the tract is infected. Adult women are most commonly affected as their urethra is shorter than men and opens nearer to the anus. This means it is easier for bacteria to enter the urinary system and cause an infection. About 40% of women get at least one attack of cystitis in their lifetime. It is more common in sexually active women, during pregnancy, after surgery and menopause.
You may feel pressure in the lower pelvis or lower back ache. There may be stinging, painful or frequent urination along with urgent need to urinate often with little or no urine being passed. Often there is need to urinate at night and the urine may also become cloudy or smell unpleasant. Blood in the urine and fever can also occur along with nausea, vomiting and chills indicating a severe infection.
Click the following for more information: